Energy Storage and its Applications

The ground-breaking Centre for Doctoral Training in Energy Storage and its Applications at the Universities of Sheffield and Southampton opened in October 2014, funded by the EPSRC, to tackle industrial challenges and develop new technologies and skills that will enable the UK to meet its low carbon targets.

Open lecture by Peter Hall: Aspects of combustion theory that directly relates to the Volkswagen crisis.

This lecture is part of the energy introduction lecture course for CDT students but is open to delegates from across the University and to members of the public, as it is of contemporary relevance due to the Volkswagen crisis.

In order to work efficiently petrol and diesel internal combustion engines normally operate under precisely controlled fuel-lean combustion conditions. However, the fundamental combustion chemistry leads to NOx production.  This problem is particularly acute for modern diesel engines, which attain higher maximum temperatures due to large compression ratios.  Less efficient fuel rich combustion on the other hand tends to reduce any combustion-produced NOx to N2.  It is much less efficient.  Therefore to meet highly stringent NOx emission targets the propensity would be to run diesel engines under less-efficient conditions for the test period.  In this lecture fundamental structure of flames is reviewed, as is fundamental flame nitrogen chemistry.

The answer to this dilemma may be to introduce additional selective catalytic reduction devices – which would entail a major redesign of diesel engines and adding additional costs.

Date: Tue 6 Oct 2015 11am – 12pm London

Location: Lecture Theatre 10, F Floor, Deptartment of Civil & Structural Engineering, Mappin Building, Mappin Street, Sheffield S1 3JD

To attend please confirm to Sharon Brown at hello@energystorage-cdt.ac.uk